Fertilizing potted plants is very important to keep them best. In this post I will tell you why it is so important to talk about different types of plant foods, and which are the best. Then I will show you exactly how you fertilize the containers, including when, how often and how much you feed.
One of the biggest mistakes that new gardeners make is to highlight the importance of feeding their plants in containers. When you start growing containers, you may not realize how important the fertilization of potted plants is.
Feeding plants in containers can be a confusing and intimidating topic for beginners, I know it was for me! So it’s easier to ignore it, isn’t it?
Don’t worry, you don’t have to be a chemist to figure out how to fertilize a potted plant. You just need to understand a few basic things. My goal in this post is to break everything, and make it super easy for you.
WHY FERTILIZE THE PLANTS IS SO IMPORTANT
The high-quality potting soil contains many excellent ingredients for growing healthy potted plants. But these nutrients will not last forever. They are exhausted by the plants and wash a little from the pots every time they water.
Feeding plants in containers is even more important than for those who grow in a garden plot. Since their roots are not in the soil, they can not go further or spread to find all the nutrients they need.
Containerized plants are totally dependent on us to provide everything they need to grow and thrive. This is why it is so important to fertilize them regularly during the growing season.
USE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS OR ORGANIC FOR THE NUTRITION OF PLANTS IN THE POT
Before jumping into the details of feeding container plants, I would like to talk briefly about synthetic chemicals-vs-organic fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers give us instant gratification, but can cause long-term damage to plants.
They feed the plant instead of feeding the soil, which means that their plants need to be fertilized more often. They also consist of salts that quickly accumulate in the soil and can cause great damage.
It is also very easy to burn plants when using synthetic fertilizers, which is a very common problem for containerized plants. So, when it comes to fertilizing potted plants, it is always better to use a natural organic fertilizer.
Organic fertilizers nourish the soil and naturally give the plants exactly what they need to develop best. They do not need to be applied so often, have a minimal risk of fertilizer burning and lead to a much healthier container garden.
BEST ORGANIC FERTILIZER FOR PLANTS IN CONTAINERS
Manufacturers facilitate the selection of the best fertilizer for potted plants at a glance by placing numbers on the packaging. But what do these numbers mean?
These numbers represent the amount of the three most important ingredients that plants need to develop best. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N-P-K for short).
The reason for these figures is that some species of plants need different amounts of these nutrients. How to choose the right fertilizer for feeding potted plants…
BEST FERTILIZER FOR VEGETABLES IN CONTAINERS
Vegetables need a lot of nutrients to stay healthy and produce the best crops for us. Therefore, it is particularly important to fertilize the vegetables in containers.
To choose the best fertilizer for you, let’s split all our vegetables into two main categories: flowering and non-flowering…
Flowering vegetables are the ones that need to bloom to produce fruits. Examples are beans, pumpkin, tomatoes, peas and peppers. These vegetables need phosphorous fertilizers (P), so choose one with a higher average number.
Non-flowering vegetables are what we harvest for leaves or roots. Examples are lettuce, kale, carrots, spinach, radishes and chard. Choose a nitrogen-rich fertilizer for these types of vegetables. The first number should be the largest of the three.
BEST FERTILIZER FOR FLOWERING PLANTS
It is also very important to feed your flowering plants during the growing season so that they continue to bloom. Otherwise, you can sparkle halfway through the summer and stop producing flowers.
The best plant food for potted flowers is a higher phosphorus fertilizer (P). This means that the Central number on the label is the largest.